There are 340 days left in the year.
1138: Deaths: Anacletus II [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38).
1327: King Edward III inherited British throne.
1494: Deaths: Ferdinand I Cruel King of Naples.
1509: Birthdays: Giovanni Morone Italian Theologist/Diplomat/Cardinal/’Heretic’.
1533: England’s King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn, who later gave birth to Elizabeth I.
1540: Birthdays: Edmund Campion London, England, Saint/Jesuit Martyr (Decem Rationes).
1554: the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, was established.
1586: Deaths: Lucas Cranach [the Young] German Painter, died at the age of 70.
1627: Birthdays: Irish natural philosopher Robert Boyle, a founder of modern chemistry.
1640: Deaths: Robert Burton Author (Anatomy of Melancholy).
1721: Czar Peter the Great ended Russian orthodox patriarchy.
1726: Deaths: Guillaume Delisle French Geographer (Atlas geographique), died at the age of 50.
1741: Birthdays: Benedict Arnold General/Traitor (American Revolution).
1759: Birthdays: Robert Burns Alloway, Scotland, Poet (Auld Lang Syne).
1775: Americans dragged cannon up hill to fight British at Gun Hill Road, Bronx, New York.
1783: Birthdays: Soap maker and philanthropist William Colgate.
1787: Shays’ Rebellion suffered a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Captain Daniel Shays, failed to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts.
1799: First United States patent for a seeding machine in Eliakim Spooner, Vermont.
1802: Napoleon elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic.
1817: Rossini’s opera ‘La Cenerentola’ premiered in Rome, Italy.
1835: Vincenzo Bellini’s opera ‘I Puritani,’ premiered in Paris, France.
1851: Sojourner Truth addressed first Black Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio.
1858: The wedding of England’s Queen Victoria’s eldest daughter, Princess Victoria, to the crown prince Friedrich of Prussia was the first wedding to incorporate Wagner’s ‘Bridal Chorus’ and Mendelssohn’s ‘Wedding March’ into the ceremony.
1863: General Joseph Hooker replaced Burnside as head of Army of Potomac. Battle of Kingston, North Carolina.
1870: The soda fountain was patented by Gustavus Dows.
1874: Birthdays: Novelist W. Somerset Maugham.
1877: Congress determined presidential election between Hayes-Tilden. Tilden got the popular votes, Hays the electoral votes.
1882: Birthdays: Novelist Virginia Woolf.
1886: Birthdays: Wilhelm Furtwangler Berlin, Germany, Conductor/Composer.
1890: The United Mine Workers of America was founded. Reporter Nellie [Elizabeth Cochrane] Bly of the New York World received a tumultuous welcome home after she completed a round-the-world journey in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes, beating Phileas Fogg’s time around world by 8 days.
1904: J. M. Synge’s ‘Riders to the Sea,’ premiered in Dublin, Ireland. 179 died in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania.
1905: Largest diamond, Cullinan (3106 carets), found in South Africa.
1906: Deaths: Joseph Wheeler II Confederate/United States General, died at the age of 70.
1915: Umberto Giordano, Sardou and Moreau’s opera ‘Madame Sans Gene’ premiered in New York City, New York. Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurated United States transcontinental telephone service with a call made from New York to Thomas Watson in San Francisco, California.
1918: Birthdays: Edwin Newman, Newscaster/Journalist/Author.
1919: The League of Nations was founded. It lasted until 1946 when it was replaced by the United Nations. Birthdays: News commentator Edwin Newman.
1920: Deaths: Amadeo Modigliani Italian Sculptor/Painter, died at the age of 35.
1921: Karel Capek’s ‘RUR,’ premiered in Prague, Czech Republic.
1924: The first Winter Olympic Games opened in Chamonix, France. Birthdays: Football Hall of Fame member Lou Groza.
1928: Birthdays: Eduard Shevardnadze Soviet, Georgia, Foreign Minister of USSR/President (Georgia).
1931: Birthdays: Dean Jones, Actor (The Love Bug).
1933: Birthdays: Corazon [Cory] Aquino, Head Of State/President of Philippines (1986-92).
1937: NBC Radio presented the first broadcast of ‘The Guiding Light.’ The program became the longest-running story line in daytime drama.
1938: Birthdays: Etta James, Blues Singer.
1939: Earthquake hit Chile, 10,000 killed.
1940: Nazis established Jewish ghetto in Lodz, Poland.
1942: Birthdays: Football Hall of Fame member Carl Eller.
1943: Birthdays: Tobe Hooper Movie Director.
1944: Birthdays: Leigh Taylor-Young Actress (Peyton Place).
1945: Grand Rapids, Michigan, became the first United States community to fluoridate water. Birthdays: Leigh Taylor-Young, Actor.
1946: The United Mine Workers rejoined the American Federation of Labor. Chart Toppers: Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow! by Vaughn Moore.
1947: Deaths: Al (Scarface) Capone, Chicago gangster, died of syphilis in Miami Beach at the age of 48.
1951: United Nations began counter offensive in Korea. Birthdays: Steve Prefontaine, Track star.
1953: Chart Toppers: Why Don’t You Believe Me Joni James; Keep It a Secret Jo Stafford; I’ll Go On Alone Marty Robbins; Don’t Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes Perry Como.
1955: Columbia University scientists developed an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years.
1957: Birthdays: Jenifer Lewis Actress.
1958: Birthdays: Dinah Manoff, Actress (Empty Nest, Soap).
1959: Pope John XXIII proclaimed second Vatican council. American Airlines opened the jet age in the United States with the first scheduled transcontinental commuter flight of a Boeing 707, from Los Angeles, California to New York for $301.
1961: President John F. Kennedy held the first live, nationally televised presidential news conference carried live on radio and television. Walt Disney’s ‘101 Dalmations’ released. Chart Toppers: Wonderland by Night by Bert Kaempfert; North to Alaska by Johnny Horton; Exodus by Ferrante and Teicher; Calcutta by Lawrence Welk.
1963: Cilla Black debuted as a vocalist at Liverpool’s Cavern Club. Deaths: Wilson Kettle Newfoundland, died at the age of 102, leaving 582 living descendents.
1964: Beatles first United States #1, ‘I Want to Hold your Hand’. Chart Toppers: I Want to Hold your Hand by The Beatles.
1966: Birthdays: Mike Burch Country Musician (River Road).
1969: United States-North Vietnamese peace talks began in Paris, France. Birthdays: Kina Cosper, Rhythm-and-blues Singer (Brownstone). Chart Toppers: I Heard It Through the Grapevine by Marvin Gaye; Everyday People by Sly and The Family Stone; Daddy Sang Bass by Johnny Cash; Crimson and Clover by Tommy James and The Shondells.
1970: Robert Altman’s ‘M*A*S*H,’ starring Donald Sutherland and Elliott Gould, premiered.
1971: General Idi Amin Dada became president of Uganda through a coup. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania mint’s first trial strike of Eisenhower dollar. Charles Manson and three female members of his ‘family’ were found guilty of one count of conspiracy to commit murder and seven counts of murder in the first degree and were sentenced to life imprisonment, in the Tate-LaBianca murders. Birthdays: China Kantner, Actress.
1973: #1 Billboard Pop Hit: ‘Superstition,’ marked the first chart topping song for Stevie Wonder in more than nine years. Chart Toppers: Superstition by Stevie Wonder.
1974: Ray Kroc, CEO of McDonald’s, bought South Dakota Padres for $12 million. Doctor Christian Barnard transplanted the first human heart without the removal of the old one.
1977: Chart Toppers: I Wish Stevie Wonder; I Can’t Believe She Give It All to Me Conway Twitty; Dazz Brick; Car Wash Rose Royce.
1980: Paul McCartney was released from Tokyo jail and deported. Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, United States Navy hovercraft. Finance Minister Abolhassan Bani-Sadr was elected president of Iran.
1981: The 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in the United States. Mao’s widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death. Birthdays: Alicia Keys, Rhythm-and-blues Singer.
1982: Chart Toppers: I Can’t Go for That (No Can Do) Daryl Hall and John Oates.
1983: China’s supreme court commuted Jiang Qing’s death sentence to life.
1984: Apple’s Macintosh computer went on sale. Price tag: $2,495.
1985: ‘We are the World’ was recorded. Chart Toppers: You’re the Inspiration by Chicago; Like a Virgin by Madonna; How Blue by Reba McEntire; All I Need by Jack Wagner.
1989: In his fifth season, Michael Jordan scored his 10,000th point, the second fastest National Basketball Association climb to that position behind Wilt Chamberlain.
1990: Kidnapped former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega was transferred to a Miami, Florida federal jail. After missing its first approach to Kennedy Airport, Colombian Avianca Boeing 707, Flight 52, ran out of fuel and crashed in Cove Neck, New York; 73 of the 161 people aboard were killed. Deaths: Ava Gardner, Actress (Barefoot Contessa), died of pneumonia in London, England, at the age of 67.
1991: A huge Persian Gulf oil slick began to form as Iraqi forces sabotaged Kuwaiti oil terminals.
1992: Deaths: Mahmoud Riad Secretary General of Arab League (1972-79).
1993: A man with a rifle opened fire near the main CIA gate in Langley, Va., killing two agency employees and wounding three others. U.S. President Bill Clinton put his wife, Hillary Clinton, in charge of a healthcare task force with a mandate to produce a plan for universal coverage in 100 days. Sears announced it was closing its catalog sales department after taking orders for 97 years.
1994: Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson settled a civil lawsuit out of court.
1995: The defense gave its opening statement in the O. J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, California, saying Simpson was the victim of a ‘rush to judgment’ by authorities who had mishandled evidence and ignored witnesses.
1996: Rolling Stone readers chose Live as artist of the year, critics chose P. J. Harvey in the magazine’s annual poll. The people chose Smashing Pumpkins’ ‘Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness’ as album of the year. The critics chose P. J. Harvey’s ‘To Bring You My Love’.
1997: Deaths: Herbert Eugene Caen Columnist, died at the age of 80.
1998: ‘Grease’ closed at Eugene O’Neill Theater in New York City, New York after 1,503 performances. Deaths: Shinichi Suzuki, Music Teacher, died at the age of 99.
1999: The Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that the 2000 census could not use statistical sampling to enhance its accuracy. Sinead O’Connor, the Irish singer and talker, advised the United States Senate to stop ‘wasting money… in a starving world’ on the trial of Bill Clinton. In a letter in the Irish Times, she asks: ‘Does impeachment mean they’re gonna turn him into a peach? If so, can I eat him?’. Paul McCartney launches a crusade against British radio and television stations over the banning of ‘The Light Comes From Within,’ the final song by his late wife Linda, because it contains language deemed offensive. Jury selection began in Jasper, Texas, in the trial of John William King, charged in the dragging death of James Byrd Junior. A powerful earthquake rocked Colombia, killing more than 1,000 people. A Louisville, Kentucky, man received the first hand transplant in the United States. Deaths: Robert Shaw Internationally esteemed Choral Conductor/Educator, died of a stroke in New Haven, Connecticut, at the age of 82. A winner of 14 Grammy Awards, Shaw received his latest nomination for a 1999 Telarc disc of Barber, Bartok, and Vaughan Williams with his longtime associates, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus.
2004: The Opportunity, the second of two NASA robot explorers, landed on Mars, joining its twin to explore the planet.
2006: The militant Islamic group Hamas, calling for destruction of Israel, scored a stunning victory in the Palestinian parliamentary election.
2007: A car and two motorcycles rigged with explosives exploded in three Baghdad sites, killing at least 32 people and injuring at least 80 others.
2008: China’s Ministry of Railway said 18 railroad workers were killed and nine injured by a high-speed train that barreled into their work site in Anqiu.
2009: Voters in Bolivia approved a new constitution expanding the rights of the indigenous people, who made up about 55 percent of the Bolivian population.
2010: The man known as Chemical Ali — Ali Hassan al-Majid, cousin and aide to Saddam Hussein — was executed in Iraq for his role in a poison-gas attack in which 5,000 Kurds were killed. Car bombs tore through security barricades of three Baghdad hotels and an apartment building in a coordinated attack that killed 36 people and wounded 71.
2011: U.S. President Barack Obama, in his State of the Union address, announced plans to reduce the federal deficit by $400 billion over 10 years. The plan includes budget cuts and domestic spending freezes.
2012: Amnesty International denounced Brazilian authorities for what they said was forcibly evicting an estimated 6,000 people from a slum area 50 miles from Sao Paulo. As many as 73 people died after taking suspected tainted heart medicine in the eastern Pakistani city of Lahore with 500 others sickened. Officials closed the pharmaceutical factory believed to have manufactured the medicine.