Today in History (January 25th)

There are 340 days left in the year.

1138: Deaths: Anacletus II [Pietro Pierleone], Jewish anti-pope (1130-38).

1327: King Edward III inherited British throne.

1494: Deaths: Ferdinand I Cruel King of Naples.

1509: Birthdays: Giovanni Morone Italian Theologist/Diplomat/Cardinal/’Heretic’.

1533: England’s King Henry VIII secretly married his second wife, Anne Boleyn, who later gave birth to Elizabeth I.

1540: Birthdays: Edmund Campion London, England, Saint/Jesuit Martyr (Decem Rationes).

1554: the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil, was established.

1586: Deaths: Lucas Cranach [the Young] German Painter, died at the age of 70.

1627: Birthdays: Irish natural philosopher Robert Boyle, a founder of modern chemistry.

1640: Deaths: Robert Burton Author (Anatomy of Melancholy).

1721: Czar Peter the Great ended Russian orthodox patriarchy.

1726: Deaths: Guillaume Delisle French Geographer (Atlas geographique), died at the age of 50.

1741: Birthdays: Benedict Arnold General/Traitor (American Revolution).

1759: Birthdays: Robert Burns Alloway, Scotland, Poet (Auld Lang Syne).

1775: Americans dragged cannon up hill to fight British at Gun Hill Road, Bronx, New York.

1783: Birthdays: Soap maker and philanthropist William Colgate.

1787: Shays’ Rebellion suffered a setback when debt-ridden farmers, led by Captain Daniel Shays, failed to capture an arsenal at Springfield, Massachusetts.

1799: First United States patent for a seeding machine in Eliakim Spooner, Vermont.

1802: Napoleon elected president of Italian (Cisalpine) Republic.

1817: Rossini’s opera ‘La Cenerentola’ premiered in Rome, Italy.

1835: Vincenzo Bellini’s opera ‘I Puritani,’ premiered in Paris, France.

1851: Sojourner Truth addressed first Black Women’s Rights Convention in Akron, Ohio.

1858: The wedding of England’s Queen Victoria’s eldest daughter, Princess Victoria, to the crown prince Friedrich of Prussia was the first wedding to incorporate Wagner’s ‘Bridal Chorus’ and Mendelssohn’s ‘Wedding March’ into the ceremony.

1863: General Joseph Hooker replaced Burnside as head of Army of Potomac. Battle of Kingston, North Carolina.

1870: The soda fountain was patented by Gustavus Dows.

1874: Birthdays: Novelist W. Somerset Maugham.

1877: Congress determined presidential election between Hayes-Tilden. Tilden got the popular votes, Hays the electoral votes.

1882: Birthdays: Novelist Virginia Woolf.

1886: Birthdays: Wilhelm Furtwangler Berlin, Germany, Conductor/Composer.

1890: The United Mine Workers of America was founded. Reporter Nellie [Elizabeth Cochrane] Bly of the New York World received a tumultuous welcome home after she completed a round-the-world journey in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes, beating Phileas Fogg’s time around world by 8 days.

1904: J. M. Synge’s ‘Riders to the Sea,’ premiered in Dublin, Ireland. 179 died in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania.

1905: Largest diamond, Cullinan (3106 carets), found in South Africa.

1906: Deaths: Joseph Wheeler II Confederate/United States General, died at the age of 70.

1915: Umberto Giordano, Sardou and Moreau’s opera ‘Madame Sans Gene’ premiered in New York City, New York. Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurated United States transcontinental telephone service with a call made from New York to Thomas Watson in San Francisco, California.

1918: Birthdays: Edwin Newman, Newscaster/Journalist/Author.

1919: The League of Nations was founded. It lasted until 1946 when it was replaced by the United Nations. Birthdays: News commentator Edwin Newman.

1920: Deaths: Amadeo Modigliani Italian Sculptor/Painter, died at the age of 35.

1921: Karel Capek’s ‘RUR,’ premiered in Prague, Czech Republic.

1924: The first Winter Olympic Games opened in Chamonix, France. Birthdays: Football Hall of Fame member Lou Groza.

1928: Birthdays: Eduard Shevardnadze Soviet, Georgia, Foreign Minister of USSR/President (Georgia).

1931: Birthdays: Dean Jones, Actor (The Love Bug).

1933: Birthdays: Corazon [Cory] Aquino, Head Of State/President of Philippines (1986-92).

1937: NBC Radio presented the first broadcast of ‘The Guiding Light.’ The program became the longest-running story line in daytime drama.

1938: Birthdays: Etta James, Blues Singer.

1939: Earthquake hit Chile, 10,000 killed.

1940: Nazis established Jewish ghetto in Lodz, Poland.

1942: Birthdays: Football Hall of Fame member Carl Eller.

1943: Birthdays: Tobe Hooper Movie Director.

1944: Birthdays: Leigh Taylor-Young Actress (Peyton Place).

1945: Grand Rapids, Michigan, became the first United States community to fluoridate water. Birthdays: Leigh Taylor-Young, Actor.

1946: The United Mine Workers rejoined the American Federation of Labor. Chart Toppers: Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow! by Vaughn Moore.

1947: Deaths: Al (Scarface) Capone, Chicago gangster, died of syphilis in Miami Beach at the age of 48.

1951: United Nations began counter offensive in Korea. Birthdays: Steve Prefontaine, Track star.

1953: Chart Toppers: Why Don’t You Believe Me Joni James; Keep It a Secret Jo Stafford; I’ll Go On Alone Marty Robbins; Don’t Let the Stars Get in Your Eyes Perry Como.

1955: Columbia University scientists developed an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years.

1957: Birthdays: Jenifer Lewis Actress.

1958: Birthdays: Dinah Manoff, Actress (Empty Nest, Soap).

1959: Pope John XXIII proclaimed second Vatican council. American Airlines opened the jet age in the United States with the first scheduled transcontinental commuter flight of a Boeing 707, from Los Angeles, California to New York for $301.

1961: President John F. Kennedy held the first live, nationally televised presidential news conference carried live on radio and television. Walt Disney’s ‘101 Dalmations’ released. Chart Toppers: Wonderland by Night by Bert Kaempfert; North to Alaska by Johnny Horton; Exodus by Ferrante and Teicher; Calcutta by Lawrence Welk.

1963: Cilla Black debuted as a vocalist at Liverpool’s Cavern Club. Deaths: Wilson Kettle Newfoundland, died at the age of 102, leaving 582 living descendents.

1964: Beatles first United States #1, ‘I Want to Hold your Hand’. Chart Toppers: I Want to Hold your Hand by The Beatles.

1966: Birthdays: Mike Burch Country Musician (River Road).

1969: United States-North Vietnamese peace talks began in Paris, France. Birthdays: Kina Cosper, Rhythm-and-blues Singer (Brownstone). Chart Toppers: I Heard It Through the Grapevine by Marvin Gaye; Everyday People by Sly and The Family Stone; Daddy Sang Bass by Johnny Cash; Crimson and Clover by Tommy James and The Shondells.

1970: Robert Altman’s ‘M*A*S*H,’ starring Donald Sutherland and Elliott Gould, premiered.

1971: General Idi Amin Dada became president of Uganda through a coup. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania mint’s first trial strike of Eisenhower dollar. Charles Manson and three female members of his ‘family’ were found guilty of one count of conspiracy to commit murder and seven counts of murder in the first degree and were sentenced to life imprisonment, in the Tate-LaBianca murders. Birthdays: China Kantner, Actress.

1973: #1 Billboard Pop Hit: ‘Superstition,’ marked the first chart topping song for Stevie Wonder in more than nine years. Chart Toppers: Superstition by Stevie Wonder.

1974: Ray Kroc, CEO of McDonald’s, bought South Dakota Padres for $12 million. Doctor Christian Barnard transplanted the first human heart without the removal of the old one.

1977: Chart Toppers: I Wish Stevie Wonder; I Can’t Believe She Give It All to Me Conway Twitty; Dazz Brick; Car Wash Rose Royce.

1980: Paul McCartney was released from Tokyo jail and deported. Highest speed attained by a warship, 167 kph, United States Navy hovercraft. Finance Minister Abolhassan Bani-Sadr was elected president of Iran.

1981: The 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived in the United States. Mao’s widow Jiang Qing sentenced to death. Birthdays: Alicia Keys, Rhythm-and-blues Singer.

1982: Chart Toppers: I Can’t Go for That (No Can Do) Daryl Hall and John Oates.

1983: China’s supreme court commuted Jiang Qing’s death sentence to life.

1984: Apple’s Macintosh computer went on sale. Price tag: $2,495.

1985: ‘We are the World’ was recorded. Chart Toppers: You’re the Inspiration by Chicago; Like a Virgin by Madonna; How Blue by Reba McEntire; All I Need by Jack Wagner.

1989: In his fifth season, Michael Jordan scored his 10,000th point, the second fastest National Basketball Association climb to that position behind Wilt Chamberlain.

1990: Kidnapped former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega was transferred to a Miami, Florida federal jail. After missing its first approach to Kennedy Airport, Colombian Avianca Boeing 707, Flight 52, ran out of fuel and crashed in Cove Neck, New York; 73 of the 161 people aboard were killed. Deaths: Ava Gardner, Actress (Barefoot Contessa), died of pneumonia in London, England, at the age of 67.

1991: A huge Persian Gulf oil slick began to form as Iraqi forces sabotaged Kuwaiti oil terminals.

1992: Deaths: Mahmoud Riad Secretary General of Arab League (1972-79).

1993: A man with a rifle opened fire near the main CIA gate in Langley, Va., killing two agency employees and wounding three others. U.S. President Bill Clinton put his wife, Hillary Clinton, in charge of a healthcare task force with a mandate to produce a plan for universal coverage in 100 days. Sears announced it was closing its catalog sales department after taking orders for 97 years.

1994: Accused of molesting a 13-year-old boy, Michael Jackson settled a civil lawsuit out of court.

1995: The defense gave its opening statement in the O. J. Simpson trial in Los Angeles, California, saying Simpson was the victim of a ‘rush to judgment’ by authorities who had mishandled evidence and ignored witnesses.

1996: Rolling Stone readers chose Live as artist of the year, critics chose P. J. Harvey in the magazine’s annual poll. The people chose Smashing Pumpkins’ ‘Mellon Collie and the Infinite Sadness’ as album of the year. The critics chose P. J. Harvey’s ‘To Bring You My Love’.

1997: Deaths: Herbert Eugene Caen Columnist, died at the age of 80.

1998: ‘Grease’ closed at Eugene O’Neill Theater in New York City, New York after 1,503 performances. Deaths: Shinichi Suzuki, Music Teacher, died at the age of 99.

1999: The Supreme Court ruled, 5-4, that the 2000 census could not use statistical sampling to enhance its accuracy. Sinead O’Connor, the Irish singer and talker, advised the United States Senate to stop ‘wasting money… in a starving world’ on the trial of Bill Clinton. In a letter in the Irish Times, she asks: ‘Does impeachment mean they’re gonna turn him into a peach? If so, can I eat him?’. Paul McCartney launches a crusade against British radio and television stations over the banning of ‘The Light Comes From Within,’ the final song by his late wife Linda, because it contains language deemed offensive. Jury selection began in Jasper, Texas, in the trial of John William King, charged in the dragging death of James Byrd Junior. A powerful earthquake rocked Colombia, killing more than 1,000 people. A Louisville, Kentucky, man received the first hand transplant in the United States. Deaths: Robert Shaw Internationally esteemed Choral Conductor/Educator, died of a stroke in New Haven, Connecticut, at the age of 82. A winner of 14 Grammy Awards, Shaw received his latest nomination for a 1999 Telarc disc of Barber, Bartok, and Vaughan Williams with his longtime associates, the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra and Chorus.

2004: The Opportunity, the second of two NASA robot explorers, landed on Mars, joining its twin to explore the planet.

2006: The militant Islamic group Hamas, calling for destruction of Israel, scored a stunning victory in the Palestinian parliamentary election.

2007: A car and two motorcycles rigged with explosives exploded in three Baghdad sites, killing at least 32 people and injuring at least 80 others.

2008: China’s Ministry of Railway said 18 railroad workers were killed and nine injured by a high-speed train that barreled into their work site in Anqiu.

2009: Voters in Bolivia approved a new constitution expanding the rights of the indigenous people, who made up about 55 percent of the Bolivian population.

2010: The man known as Chemical Ali — Ali Hassan al-Majid, cousin and aide to Saddam Hussein — was executed in Iraq for his role in a poison-gas attack in which 5,000 Kurds were killed. Car bombs tore through security barricades of three Baghdad hotels and an apartment building in a coordinated attack that killed 36 people and wounded 71.

2011: U.S. President Barack Obama, in his State of the Union address, announced plans to reduce the federal deficit by $400 billion over 10 years. The plan includes budget cuts and domestic spending freezes.

2012: Amnesty International denounced Brazilian authorities for what they said was forcibly evicting an estimated 6,000 people from a slum area 50 miles from Sao Paulo. As many as 73 people died after taking suspected tainted heart medicine in the eastern Pakistani city of Lahore with 500 others sickened. Officials closed the pharmaceutical factory believed to have manufactured the medicine.

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Quotes (January 25th)

“The fear of becoming a ‘has-been’ keeps some people from becoming anything.” – Eric Hoffer

“Truth is the sun of intelligence.” – Luc de Clapiers (1715-1747); French moralist.

“Life is a succession of lessons, which must be lived to be understood.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882); US author and poet.

“It is an old maxim of mine that when you have excluded the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.” – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930); Scottish novelist

“The miracle is not that we do this work, but that we are happy to do it.” – Mother Teresa

“Live a balanced life – Learn some and think some, and draw and paint and sing and dance and play and work every day some.” – Robert Fulghum, author (1937- )

“It ill becomes us to invoke in our daily prayers the blessings of God, the Compassionate, if we in turn will not practice elementary compassion towards our fellow creatures.” – Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

“What you do speaks so loudly that I cannot hear what you say.” – Ralph Waldo Emerson

“I will not play at tug o’ war.
I’d rather play at hug o’ war,
Where everyone hugs instead of tugs.”
– Shel Silverstein, writer (1930-1999)

“It seems that what the enemy called the fall of the Taliban regime (in Afghanistan) is tempting it to launch an aggression against Iraq… Iraq is different than Afghanistan because it is a rich country… In 1991 we didn’t have experience in this type of fighting… but now our armed forces are stronger, our soldier understands better his duties and role. As for weapons these have been developed but generally they are the same. No army in the world has gained the experience in fighting an advanced army like the experience that we have gained from the circumstances that we went through in 1991 and what followed… All the goals of the Security Council are against Iraq and are unjust and illegal, including Resolution 1441. But spying on Iraq is not among the aims of these bad resolutions. They are engaging in cheap intelligence work without paying a direct and daily price as they would have if they had sent spies to carry them out in Iraq.” – Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, warning the United States that Iraq was no Afghanistan, calling it was a rich country with a stable government and a military that was stronger than it had been in the 1991 Gulf War

“The effects of a (reservist) call-up would be devastating. We’re already affected in all areas. Our lab is behind. The interstate system is basically bare (of troopers). I hope we never go to war for a lot of reasons, but that’s a big one.” – West Virginia State Police Superintendent Howard Hill, pointing out what seems to be a trend, as troopers who also are Army, Coast Guard and National Guard reserves get called for duty in a war against Iraq, creating a national shortage

“The role of government is not to manage or to control the economy from Washington, D.C., but to remove obstacles standing in the way for faster economic growth … and those obstacles are clear.’ – President Bush, unveiling a $674 billion plan to boost the U.S. economy by scrapping taxes investors pay on dividends and speeding income tax reductions

“He says it will give the economy a shot in the arm. I think it will give the economy a shot in the foot.” – Senate Democratic Leader Tom Daschle of South Dakota, denouncing the president’s plan as a windfall for the wealthy which will provide no immediate help to the economy and swell the budget deficit

Virginia Woolf
Born: January 25th, 1882
Died: MMM DD, 1941
Birthplace: Location
Profession: English writer

“A good essay must have this permanent quality about it; it must draw its curtain round us, but it must be a curtain that shuts us in not out.”

“A masterpiece is something said once and for all, stated, finished, so that it’s there complete in the mind, if only at the back.”

“A woman must have money and a room of her own if she is to write fiction.”

“Against you I will fling myself, unvanquished and unyielding, O Death!”

“Almost any biographer, if he respects facts, can give us much more than another fact to add to our collection. He can give us the creative fact; the fertile fact; the fact that suggests and engenders.”

“Arrange whatever pieces come your way.”

“As a woman I have no country. As a woman my country is the whole world.”

“At 46 one must be a misre; only have time for essentials.”

“Boredom is the legitimate kingdom of the philanthropic.”

“But when the self speaks to the self, who is speaking? – the entombed soul, the spirit driven in, in, in to the central catacomb; the self that took the veil and left the world – a coward perhaps, yet somehow beautiful, as it flits with its lantern restlessly up and down the dark corridors.”

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What’s the difference between a hazelnut and a filbert?
Nothing – The hazelnut, is also called “filbert.” One theory of the origin of the name filbert is that it comes from St. Philibert, a 7th century Frankish abbot, whose feast day is August 20, which happens to be in the middle of the nutting season in Europe. Hazel is the older European name.

How did Fig Newtons get their name?
Fig Newtons were created in 1891 by the Kennedy Biscuit Works in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts. As legend has it, the company had named many of their other cookies for nearby towns, and almost called it the “Fig Shrewsbury” before Newton won out. Depending on who you listen to, they were named after either Sir Isaac Newton or the town of Newton, Massachussettes. The popular cookie was one of the first commercially baked products in America.

Why isn’t a spider an insect?
Because it’s an arachnid – meaning it has eight legs instead of six, and has no wings or antennae. The same is true of the daddy longlegs, scorpion’s mite, and tick – none is technically part of the insect class.

Why can’t we explore a neutron star first hand?
Because they’re super-dense. If an astronaut tried to land on a neutron star, he or she would be crushed by the extremely strong force of gravity, and squashed into a thin layer less than one atom thick. This is because neutron stars are actually the collapsed cores of massive stars, packing roughly the mass of our Sun into a region the size of a city

Who first came up with calculus?
The English scientist Isaac Newton and the German mathematician Gottfried W. Leibniz, working independently, both discovered calculus, the branch of mathematics that studies continuously changing quantities.

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Punch Lines

Two cannibals are eating a clown. One cannibal says to the other, “Does this taste funny to you?”

The problem with being bisexual is that you get twice as many chances to be rejected, and *both* sides think you’re a pervert!

Yo Mama is so ugly, she has to get a baby drunk to breastfeed it.

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Today in History (January 20th)

There are 345 days left in the year.

0820: Deaths: Abu Abdallah Mibn Idris al-Sjafi’i Islamic (Book of Mother).

1265: The English Parliament, Britain’s House of Commons and the House of Lords, which became a model for parliamentary bodies, met in the Palace of Westminster for the first time.

1586: Birthdays: Johann Hermann Schein German Composer (Fontana d’Israel).

1612: Deaths: Rudolf II von Habsburg Emperor of Germany (1576-1612), died at the age of 59.

1732: Birthdays: Richard Henry Lee. American Farmer/Patriot/signer of the Declaration of Independence.

1763: Birthdays: Theobald Wolfe Tone Irish patriot.

1778: The first American military court martial trial began, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

1783: U.S. and British representatives signed a preliminary Cessation of Hostilities, which ended the fighting in the Revolutionary War.

1788: Pioneer African Baptist church organized in Savannah, Georgia.

1800: Napoleon I’s sister Carolina married King Joachim Murat of Naples.

1801: John Marshall was appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.

1807: Napoleon convened great Sanhedrin, Paris.

1809: First United States geology book published by William Maclure.

1839: Chile defeated a confederation of Peru and Bolivia in the Battle of Yungay.

1841: China ceded the island of Hong Kong to Great Britain. It returned to Chinese control in July 1997.

1869: Elizabeth Cady Stanton became the first woman to testify before Congress.

1885: The patent for the roller coaster was awarded to L. A. Thompson of Coney Island, New York.

1887: The United States Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.

1888: Birthdays: Leadbelly Louisiana, Blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line).

1891: Birthdays: Mischa Elman Talnoye, Ukraine, United States Violinist.

1892: The first officially recognized basketball game was played at the YMCA gym in Springfield, Massachusetts.

1894: Birthdays: Harold Gray, Comic strip creator (Little Orphan Annie).

1896: Birthdays: George Burns, Actor/Comedian.

1899: Birthdays: Alexander Tcherepnin Composer.

1906: Aristotle Onassis, Greek businessman.

1910: Birthdays: Joy Adamson, Austrian naturalist.

1919: Birthdays: Lawrence Dobkin, Actor.

1920: The American Civil Liberties Union was organized. Birthdays: Federico Fellini, Movie/Film Director; DeForest Kelley, Actor (Star Trek – Dr McCoy).

1921: Turkey founded from remnants of Ottoman Empire.

1924: Birthdays: Ottis Slim Whitman, Country Singer.

1926: Birthdays: Patricia Neal, Actress; David Tudor, Composer.

1928: Birthdays: Martin Landau Brooklyn, New York, Actor (Mission Impossible, Tucker, Space 1999).

1930: First radio broadcast of ‘Lone Ranger’ (WXYZ-Detroit). Birthdays: Edwin [Buzz] Aldrin Junior, Astronaut/Second man on the moon.

1933: Birthdays: Ron Townson Pop singer (The Fifth Dimension).

1934: Birthdays: Arte Johnson, Actor/Comedian; Tom Baker, Actor.

1936: Edward VIII became king of the United Kingdom. Deaths: George V King of Britain (1910-36), died at the age of 70, succeeded by Edward VIII.

1937: President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurated on January 20 instead of March 4, because of the 20th Amendment to the Constitution. He was inaugurated for his second term as United States President. Birthdays: Dorothy Provine, Actress.

1939: Hitler proclaimed to German parliament his intention to exterminate all European Jews. Birthdays: Paul Coverdell, Republican/Senator (Georgia).

1942: Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference in Berlin, during which they arrived at their ‘Final Solution’ that called for the extermination of European Jews. It was presided over by SS-Gen Reinhard Heydrich and the minutes were taken by Adolf Eichmann. Japanese invaded Burma. Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain.

1943: Deaths: Giacomo Benvenuti Composer, died at the age of 57.

1944: Royal Air Force (RAF) dropped 2300 1-ton bombs on Berlin.

1945: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the only president to be elected to four terms in office, was inaugurated to his final term. FDR died three months later and was succeeded by Harry S. Truman. Birthdays: Eric Stewart, Singer.

1946: The Central Intelligence Group, later to become the Central Intelligence Agency, was established by President Truman. Birthdays: David Lynch, Movie/Film Director (Blue Velvet, Twin Peaks).

1947: Birthdays: Malcolm McLaren, Music Producer/Founder (The Sex Pistols). Deaths: Josh Gibson, Negro League slugger, died at the age of 35 of a brain tumor.

1948: Deaths: Mohandes Gandhi India Pacifist Leader, assassinated.

1949: President Truman was sworn in for a second term of office. In his inaugural address, Truman branded communism a ‘false philosophy’ as he outlined his program for United States world leadership. Birthdays: Ivana Trump, Former wife of Donald.

1950: Birthdays: Paul Stanley Rock Musician/Singer (KISS); Daniel Benzali Actor (Murder One).

1952: Birthdays: Ian Hill Rock Musician/Bassist (Judas Priest); Paul Stanley, Singer/Musician (Kiss).

1955: Birthdays: Joe Doherty, Ireland, IRA activist (jailed in United States).

1956: Buddy Holly recorded ‘Blue Days Black Night’ in Nashville, Tennessee. Birthdays: Bill Maher, Comedian/Host (Politically Incorrect). Chart Toppers: Sixteen Tons Tennessee Ernie Ford; Rock and Roll Waltz Kay Starr; Memories are Made of This Dean Martin; Band of Gold Don Cherry.

1958: Birthdays: Lorenzo Lamas, Actor (Renegade).

1960: Elvis Presley was promoted to sergeant in the United States Army.

1961: John F. Kennedy was inaugurated as the 35th United States President. He said as part of his brief address, ‘Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.’ Robert Frost recited ‘Gift Outright’ at J. F. Kennedy’s inauguration. Francis Poulenc’s ‘Gloria,’ premiered in Boston.

1964: Birthdays: Ozzie Guillen, Former Major League Baseball manager/player. Chart Toppers: There! I’ve Said It Again Bobby Vinton; Surfin’ Bird The Trashmen; Love’s Gonna Live Here Buck Owens; Forget Him Bobby Rydell.

1965: Generalissimo Francisco Franco met with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain. Byrds recorded ‘Mr Tambourine Man’. Birthdays: John Michael Montgomery, Country Singer/Musician. Deaths: Alan Freed, Disc Jockey, Coined the term ‘rock ‘n’ roll’.

1967: Birthdays: Stacey Dash, Actress.

1968: Birthdays: Xavier, Singer; Melissa Rivers, Television Show Host/Personality.

1969: Richard M. Nixon was inaugurated as President of the United States. Birthdays: Skeet Ulrich, Actor (Scream).

1972: Chart Toppers: Sunshine Jonathan Edwards; Let’s Stay Together Al Green; Carolyn Merle Haggard; American Pie Don McLean.

1977: #1 Billboard Pop Hit: ‘I Wish,’ Stevie Wonder. The song is the first single from the album ‘Songs in the Key of Life,’ which is only the third album to debut at #1 on Billboard’s Top Pop Albums chart. Chart Toppers: I Wish Stevie Wonder.

1978: Columbia Pictures paid $9.5 million for movie rights to ‘Annie’.

1980: President Jimmy Carter announced the United States boycott of the Moscow Olympics. Chart Toppers: Rock with You Michael Jackson; Do that to Me One More Time The Captain and Tennille; Cruisin’ Smokey Robinson; Coward of the County Kenny Rogers.

1981: Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States at the age of 69 and 349 days, the oldest president to take office. Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.

1984: Deaths: Johnny Weissmuller United States Swimmer (Olympics-5 gold-1924, 28)/Movie Actor (Tarzan), died at the age of 79.

1986: The United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Junior. Britain and France announced joint plans to build rail tunnels underneath the English Channel.

1987: Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite was kidnapped while on a mission to Beirut negotiating the release of Westerners being held hostage in Lebanon. He was not released until December 1991. #1 Billboard Pop Hit: ‘At This Moment,’ Billy Vera and the Beaters. The song takes off after being featured in several episodes of the NBC television show ‘Family Ties’. Chart Toppers: At This Moment Billy Vera and the Beaters.

1988: The Beach Boys, the Beatles, the Drifters, Bob Dylan and the Supremes are among those inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Deaths: Philippe de Rothschild, Bordeaux Vineyard Manager, died at the age of 86 in Paris, France. Chart Toppers: The Way You Make Me Feel Michael Jackson; One Friend Dan Seals; Need You Tonight INXS; Got My Mind Set on You George Harrison.

1989: Reagan became first President elected in a ‘0’ year, since 1840, to leave office alive. George Bush was inaugurated as the 41st President of the United States. Dan Quayle was sworn in as Vice President of the United States.

1990: At least 62 civilians were killed and more than 200 wounded when the Soviet army stormed into the city of Baku, Azerbaijan, the capital of the republic to end what Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev called fratricidal killing between Muslim Azerbaijanis and Christian Armenians. The space shuttle Columbia returned from an 11-day mission. Deaths: Barbara Stanwyck, Actress, died at the age of 82 in Santa Monica, California.

1993: William [Bill] J. Clinton was inaugurated for his first term as the 42nd president of the United States. That night, he picked up a saxophone and jammed at five of the 12 inaugural balls he and his wife, Hillary, attended. Deaths: Audrey Hepburn, Oscar-winning actress, died of cancer at her home in Switzerland at the age of 63.

1994: Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel, South Carolina’s all-male military school, in its 151-year history. She joined the cadet corps in August 1995, under court order, but soon dropped out, citing isolation and stress. Robert B. Fiske Junior was appointed by Attorney General Janet Reno to investigate President and Mrs. Clinton’s Arkansas land deals.

1995: The United States State Department announced a partial lifting of economic sanctions against North Korea. The Japanese government, criticized for being slow to respond to Kobe’s devastating earthquake, admitted its initial reaction might have been ‘confused’. A strike-shortened National Hockey League season opened with teams playing a 48-game schedule instead of the usual 84.

1996: Yasser Arafat was elected president of the Palestinian Authority with 88 percent of the vote. Deaths: Buster Benton, Singer/Guitarist, died at the age of 64.

1997: U.S. President Bill Clinton was inaugurated for his second term in office. Millionaire Steve Fossett landed in northern India after a record-setting bid to become the first person to circle the globe in a hot air balloon. Deaths: Edith Haisman, The oldest survivor of Titanic, died at the age of 100.

1998: Warner Brothers television Network began Tueday night programming. A multimedia exhibit featuring more than 250 covers from Rolling Stone magazine and artifacts from the Rock And Roll Hall of Fame kicks off a free tour of United States colleges at New York University in New York. A jury was selected in Amarillo, Texas, to hear a multi-million-dollar lawsuit filed by Texas cattlemen against talk show host Oprah Winfrey over on-air comments about beef safety.

1999: Stone Temple Pilots frontman Scott Weiland, on probation for a 1997 heroin case, is arrested and faces a hearing for failing to provide a urine sample to his live-in drug treatment center. For a second day, President Clinton’s legal team argued its case before the Senate, saying that House-passed articles of impeachment were flawed and unfair.

2000: Chart Toppers: What A Girl Wants Christina Aguilera on RCA; Smooth Santana Featuring Rob Thomas on Arista; My Love Is Your Love Whitney Houston on Arista; I Wanna Love You Forever Jessica Simpson on Columbia; I Need To Know Marc Anthony on Columbia; I Knew I Loved You Savage Garden on Columbia; Hot Boyz Missy ‘Misdemeanor’ Elliot Featuring Nas, Eve and Q-Tip on The Gold Mind; Bring It All To Me Blaque on Track Masters; Blue (Da Ba Dee) Eiffel 65 on Republic; Back At One Brian Mcknight on Motown.

2001: George W. Bush was inaugurated as the 43rd president of the United States. Just hours before leaving office, U.S. President Bill Clinton issued 176 pardons — a number of them controversial.

2003: Britain said it was sending 26,000 troops to the Persian Gulf for possible deployment to Iraq but France said it wouldn’t support a U.N. resolution for military action.

2006: Lawrence Franklin, a former U.S. State Department analyst and Iran expert, was sentenced to 12 years in prison for passing classified information to Israel and two pro-Israeli lobbyists. (The sentence was later reduced to probation and 10 months of home confinement.)

2007: U.S. Sen. Hillary Clinton, D-N.Y., became the first former first lady to seek the U.S. presidency when she entered the race for the 2008 Democratic nomination.

2008: Israeli Cabinet ministers called for the death of Hezbollah chief Hassan Nasrallah, who claimed to have the remains of Israeli soldiers killed in Lebanon.

2009: Barack Obama was sworn in as the United States’ 44th president and the nation’s first African-American chief executive. In an 18-minute inaugural address, he urged the more than 1 million people who braved the sub-freezing weather to hear him in person, to join him to begin again the work of remaking America.

2010: U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates warned of a syndicate of terrorist groups operating under al-Qaida leadership in the Afghan-Pakistan area dedicated to destabilizing the region. Senior Hamas Commander Mahmoud al-Mabbouh was assassinated in his hotel room while on a visit to Dubai in the United Arab Emirates.

2011: U.S. and local law officers arrested more than 100 suspected mobsters among seven families in New York, New Jersey and Rhode Island on a variety of charges including murder, racketeering and extortion. Two explosions targeting Shiite pilgrims in Iraq killed at least 32 people and wounded 150 others about 60 miles south of Baghdad.

2012: U.S. lawmakers agreed on a temporary funding bill that averted a shutdown of the Federal Aviation Administration. Difficult labor-related issues were blamed for the delay in reaching a compromise. China added its voice to nations warning Iran against developing nuclear weapons. Lagging U.S. home sales ended a difficult year on a high note with a gain in full-year sales volume.

2014: U.S. President Barack Obama, first lady Michelle Obama and their daughters joined presidential aides, veterans and others at the non-profit D.C. Central Kitchen on Martin Luther King Jr. Day to help prepare meals for shelters in the Washington area.

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Quotes (January 20th)

“Forgiveness is a virtue of the brave.” – Indira Gandhi

“Children must be taught how to think, not what to think.” – Margaret Mead

“It is the familiar that usually eludes us in life. What is before our noses is what we see last.” – William Barrett, 1913-1992

“Heaven never helps the man who will not act.” – Sophocles, 496 BC-406 BC

“My idea of education is to unsettle the minds of the young and inflame their intellects.” – Robert Maynard Hutchins

“If the wind will not serve, take to the oars.” – Latin proverb

“When you have to make a choice and don’t make it, that is in itself a choice.” – William James, psychologist (1842-1910)

“In all science, error precedes the truth, and it is better it should go first than last.” – Horace Walpole (1717-1797); English novelist.

“According to a recent survey, men say the first thing they notice about a women are their eyes. And women say the first thing they notice about men is they’re a bunch of liars.” – Jay Leno

“During the course of their inspection, the team discovered 11 empty 122 mm chemical warheads and one warhead that requires further evaluation. The warheads were in excellent condition and were similar to ones imported by Iraq during the late 1980s. The team used portable X-ray equipment to conduct preliminary analysis of one of the warheads and collected samples for chemical testing.” – U.N. spokesman Hiro Ueki, announcing that U.N. weapons inspectors in Iraq had found empty warheads designed to carry chemical warfare agents although it was not immediately clear whether the warheads had ever contained banned chemicals

“The president has said the United States will talk to North Korea about dismantlement of their programs. North Korea’s seeming rejection of the offer to talk means North Korea further isolates itself from the rest of the world and only harms the people of North Korea.” – White House spokesman Ari Fleischer, speaking hours after after Pyongyang scornfully dismissed as “pie in the sky” U.S. offers of possible food and energy aid if the impoverished North would halt its nuclear program

“I think it was a mistake that we didn’t have the $10 billion approved. We knew we were going to spend it. We knew the global war on terrorism wasn’t going to go away, and yet it wasn’t approved…We’re robbing Peter to pay Paul. It’s a terrible way to manage your affairs.” – Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, pointing out that Congress’s refusal to pay the multibillion bill for the buildup of U.S. forces in the Persian Gulf is a mistake that has forced the Pentagon to pick up the tab

George [Nathan Birnbaum] Burns
Born: January 20th, 1896
Birthplace: New York City, New York
Profession: Actor/Comedian (Oh God)

“I can remember when the air was clean and sex was dirty.”

“I’d rather be a failure at something I love than successful at something I hate.”

“People asked me what I’d most appreciate getting for my eighty-seventh birthday. I’ll tell you: A Paternity Suit”

“There is nothing wrong with making love with the light on. Just make sure the car door is closed.”

Federico Fellini
Born: January 20th, 1920
Died: 1993
Birthplace: Rimini, Italy
Profession: Movie/Film Director (8, Satyricon, La Dolce Vita)

“A different language is a different vision of life.”

“All art is autobiographical. The pearl is the oyster’s autobiography.”

“Censorship is advertising paid by the government.”

“Cinema is an old whore, like circus and variety, who knows how to give many kinds of pleasure. Besides, you can’t teach old fleas new dogs.”

“Even if I set out to make a film about a fillet of sole, it would be about me.”

“It is only when I am doing my work that I feel truly alive.”

“You exist only in what you do.”

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Punch Lines

I’d rather spend four years with George W. Bush in the White House than one evening with Rush Limbaugh in a hot tub!

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You Know You’re From Canada When…

You only know three spices: salt, pepper, ketchup.

You design your Halloween costume to fit over a snowsuit.

Canadian Tire on any Saturday is busier than the toy stores at Christmas.

You’ve taken your kids trick-or-treating in a blizzard.

Driving is better in the winter because pot holes are filled in with snow.

The local paper covers national and international headlines on 2 pages, but requires 6 pages for hockey.

You find -40c a little chilly.

The trunk of your car doubles as a deep freeze.

You understand the Labatt Blue commercials.

You perk up when you hear the theme from ‘Hockey Night in Canada.’

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Fun Times At Work

Differences Between You and Your Boss

When you take a long time, you’re slow.
When your boss takes a long time, he’s thorough.

When you don’t do it, you’re lazy.
When your boss doesn’t do it, he’s too busy.

When you make a mistake, you’re an idiot.
When your boss makes a mistake, he’s only human.

When doing something without being told, you’re overstepping your authority.
When your boss does the same thing, that’s initiative.

When you take a stand, you’re being bull-headed.
When your boss does it, he’s being firm.

When you overlooked a rule of etiquette, you’re being rude.
When your boss skips a few rules, he’s being original.

When you please your boss, you’re apple polishing.
When your boss pleases his boss, he’s being co-operative.

When you’re out of the office, you’re wandering around.
When your boss is out of the office, he’s on business.

When you’re on a day off sick, you’re always sick.
When your boss is a day off sick, he must be very ill.

When you apply for leave, you must be going for an interview.
When your boss applies for leave, it’s because he’s overworked.

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Avon Lady

A guy was known among his friends to be very brief an to the point – he really never said too much.

One day, a saleswoman promoting a Avon knocked his door and asked to see his wife, so the guy told her that she wasn’t home.

“Well,” the woman said, “could I please wait for her?”

The man directed her to the drawing room and left her there for more than three hours.

After feeling really worried, she called out for him an asked, “May I ask where your wife is?”

“She went to the cemetery,” he replied.

“And when is she coming back?”

“I don’t really know,” he said.

“She’s been there eleven years now!”

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