Today is the 289th day with 76 to follow.
Dilbert of the Day
1701: Yale University was founded.
1758: Birthdays: Lexicographer Noah Webster.
1793: Convicted for treason, French Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of Louis XVI, was beheaded on the Place de la Revolution.
1854: Birthdays: Oscar Wilde, Author.
1859: Abolitionist John Brown led a raid on the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Va. He was convicted of treason and hanged.
1863: Birthdays: Austen Chamberlain, British statesman and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
1868: America’s first department store, ZCMI, opened in Salt Lake City.
1869: The Cardiff Giant hoax — an elaborate prank to prove the existence of a petrified giant in Wales — was discovered.
1875: Brigham Young University was founded in Provo, Utah.
1886: Birthdays: David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s first prime minister.
1888: Birthdays: Playwright Eugene O’Neill.
1890: Birthdays: Irish revolutionist Michael Collins.
1898: Birthdays: Supreme Court Justice William Orville Douglas.
1900: Birthdays: Baseball Hall of Fame member Goose Goslin.
1916: The nation’s first birth control clinic was opened in New York by Margaret Sanger and two other women.
1923: Birthdays: Orchestra leader and songwriter Bert Kaempfert; Actor Linda Darnell.
1925: Birthdays: Actor Angela Lansbury.
1927: Birthdays: German novelist Gunter Grass.
1938: Birthdays: Actor Nico.
1940: Birthdays: Actor Barry Corbin; Basketball Hall of Fame member Dave DeBusschere.
1946: At Nuremberg, Germany, 10 high-ranking Nazi officials were executed by hanging for World War II war crimes. Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo and chief of the German air force, was to have been among them but he committed suicide in his cell the night before. Birthdays: Actor Suzanne Somers.
1947: Birthdays: Grateful Dead co-founder Bob Weir; Film director David Zucker.
1958: Birthdays: Actor Tim Robbins.
1962: President John F. Kennedy was informed that reconnaissance photographs, collected by a U-2 spy plane two days earlier, had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba. This would mark the start of the most fraught 13 days of the 20th Century, the beginning of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Birthdays: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Flea (born Michael Balzary) (Red Hot Chili Peppers).
1964: China detonated its first atomic bomb.
1972: A light plane carrying House Democratic leader Hale Boggs of Louisiana and three other men was reported missing in Alaska. The plane was never found.
1973: North Vietnamese diplomat Le Duc Tho and Henry Kissinger, U.S. national security adviser, were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their Paris negotiations that led to a Vietnam War cease-fire agreement. Le Duc Tho refused to accept the award, saying “peace has not yet been established.”
1975: Birthdays: Actor Kellie Martin.
1977: Birthdays: Musician John Mayer.
1978: Karol Jozef Wojtyla was elected pope and took the name John Paul II.
1984: Black Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa won the Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle against apartheid.
1991: George Hennard killed 22 people and then took his own life after driving his pickup truck through the front window of Luby’s Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas.
1998: Protestant David Trimble and Roman Catholic John Hume, political leaders in Northern Ireland, were named winners of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize for their work toward bringing peace to Ulster.
2003: The U.N. Security Council unanimously passed a resolution endorsing a U.S.-led multinational force in Iraq.
2004: The World Health Organization said smoke from home stoves and fires in developing countries had become a major cause of death and disease.
2005: Louisiana state officials were investigating the possibility of euthanasia in 215 deaths at 19 New Orleans hospitals and nursing homes in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
2006: U.S. intelligence officials confirmed an underground explosion in North Korea a week before was the test of a nuclear device. The explosive yield was reported less than 1 kiloton of conventional explosives.
2008: A Gallup poll gave Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama a 6-percentage-point nationwide lead over Republican nominee John McCain with less than a month before the election.
2009: U.S President Barack Obama’s approval rating slipped for the third consecutive month, from 54 percent in July to 45 percent in October, a Harris Poll indicated.
2010: France was rocked by another day of massive protests against President Nicolas Sarkozy’s plan to raise the retirement age. Estimates of the number of demonstrators in Paris and 200 other cities neared 3 million.
2011: The U.N. human rights commissioner, branding the Assad regime in Syria as one of ruthless repression and killings, called on the international community to take steps to prevent a civil war in the nation. At least 20 inmates were killed in a riot at a prison in Matamoros, Mexico, started by a fight between two convicts. British race car driver Don Wheldon, 33-year-old two-time winner of the Indianapolis 500, died after a 15-car pileup at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway.
2012: The U.S. Supreme Court refused to block early voting in Ohio. The rejection, a victory for Democrats, meant all Ohio voters, not just the military, would be allowed to vote early on the weekend and Monday before Election Day.
2013: After weeks of bickering, the U.S. House and Senate approved legislation ending a partial government shutdown that lasted 16 days.